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Adjectives and Adverbs
Definition – Adjectives are words that describe nouns or pronouns. They might come ahead of the word they describe (This is certainly a lovely puppy.) Or they may follow the expressed word they describe (That puppy is cute.).
Adverbs are words that modify everything but nouns and pronouns. They modify adjectives, verbs, and other adverbs. A word is an adverb if it answers how, when, or where.
The adverbs that are only cause grammatical problems are the ones that answer the question how, therefore we will focus on these.
He speaks slowly.
Answers the relevant question how.
He speaks very slowly.
Answers the relevant question how slowly.
Generally, if a word answers the question how, it really is an adverb. If it can have an ly added to it, put it there.
She thinks slow/slowly.
She thinks how? slowly.
This woman is a slow/slowly thinker.
Slow does not answer how so no ly is attached. Slow is an adjective here.
She thinks fast/fastly.
Fast answers the relevant question how, it is therefore an adverb. But fast never has an ly attached with it.
We performed bad/badly.
Badly describes exactly how we performed.
An unique ly rule applies when four associated with the senses – essay writing service taste, smell, look, feel – are the verbs. Do not ask if these senses answer fully the question simple tips to ly determine if should be attached. Instead, ask in the event that sense verb will be used actively. If so, utilize the ly.
Roses smell sweet/sweetly.
Do the roses actively smell with noses? No, so no ly.
The woman looked angry/angrily.
Did the woman actively look with eyes or are we describing her appearance?
We are only describing appearance, so no ly.
The lady looked angry/angrily in the paint splotches.
Here the woman did actively look with eyes therefore the ly is added.
She feels bad/badly about the news.
She is not feeling with fingers, so no ly.
The word good is an adjective while well is an adverb answering the question how.
You did a good job.
Good describes the job.
You did the working job well.
Well answers how.
Today you smell good.
Describes your odour, not how you smell with your nose, so follow utilizing the adjective.
You smell well for someone with a cold.
You may be actively smelling with a nose here so follow using the adverb.
When referring to health, use well always.
Examples I do not feel well.
That you do not look well today.
You might use good with feel if you’re not referring to health.
Personally I think good about my decision to learn Spanish.
A error that is common using adjectives and adverbs comes from using the wrong form for comparison. For example, to explain one thing we would say poor, such as, “this woman is poor.” To compare two things, we ought to say poorer, such as, “this woman is the poorer associated with the two women.” To compare more than two things, we must say poorest, as with, “She is the poorest of them all.”
- More efficient*
Three or even more
- Most efficient *
*Usually with words of three or more syllables, don’t add -er or -est. Use more or most in front for the words.
Never drop the ly from an adverb with all the comparison form.
She spoke quickly.
She spoke more quickly than he did.
She spoke quicker than he did.
Talk more quietly.
If this, that, these, and those are followed by nouns, they have been adjectives. Once they appear without a noun following them, they have been pronouns.
This house is actually for sale.
This is an adjective here.
That is for sale.
This might be a pronoun here.
This and that are singular, whether they are being used as adjectives or as pronouns. This points to something nearby while that points to something “over there.”
This dog is mine.
That dog is hers.
That is mine.
This is certainly hers.
These and those are plural, whether or not they are being used as adjectives or as pronouns. These points to something nearby while those points to something “over there.”
These babies have already been smiling for a time that is long.
These are mine.
Those babies have been crying all day.
Those are yours.
Use than to show comparison. Use then to resolve the question when.
I might rather go skiing than rock climbing.
First we went skiing; then we went rock climbing